(nat) Common ironwood, paina Trees 10-20 m tall; branches long, slender, the tips drooping, pubescent. Leaf sheaths with (6)7(—9) teeth. Staminate spikes densely flowered, 1-6 cm long, bracts densely pubescent. Cones subglobose to elongate and oblong-globose, 1.2- 2.2 cm long, ca. 1.1-1.4 cm in diameter, the valves broadly ovate, protruding ca. 2 mm, pubescent, apex obtuse. Nuts 6-7 mm long (incl. wing). [2n =18.] Native to Australia, widely cultivated throughout tropical and subtropical regions, naturalized in many of these areas; in Hawai‘i naturalized or persisting from cultivation in low elevation, dry areas, often used as windbreaks, on Kure, Midway, and Pearl and Hermes atolls, Lisianski, Laysan, French Frigate Shoals, and all of the main islands. First collected on 0‘ahu in 1895 (Heller 1955, BISH), but probably introduced to Hawai‘i by P. Isenberg, who planted trees at Kilo-hana Crater, Kaua‘i, in 1882 (Herbst & Wagner, in press).—Plate 67.